Gouvernement Princier de Monaco


The Demography Observatory is the result of a collaboration begun in 2012 between Monaco Statistics, the Registry Office (Nationality) and Monaco City Hall 's Informatics Department.

The aim is to present the main demographic indicators for the population of Monegasque nationality.

Population change and structure

Monegasque nationals population as at 31 december 2021
9,611 persons
Source: Monaco Statistics


As of 31 December 2021, the Principality comprised 9,611 Monegasque nationals. Annual growth was relatively modest at 0.4%, following growth of 0.9% in 2020.


It is still a relatively old population: the mean age of Monegasques is 44.5 years old. Half of the population is over 46.9 years old and one in two women is at least 51 years old. Almost 15% of Monegasques are 75 years old.

Births and fertility

2021 Birth rate
Source: Monaco Statistics
2019-21 Total Fertility rate
2.5 children per woman
Source: Monaco Statistics


96 births took place in 2021 for a birth rate of 10.0‰, the lowest since 1985. The mean age of mothers at birth reaches 33.6 years and the Total Fertility Rate is 2.5 children per woman in 2019-2021.

Deaths and life expectancy

2021 Death rate
Source: Monaco Statistics


In the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, 101 Monegasques have died, the highest level ever observed. Life expectancy at birth is 86.7 years (84.9 years for men and 88.7 years for women).

Life expectancy at birth 2021
86.7 years
Source: Monaco Statistics


Marriages and divorces

85 marriages involving at least one Monegasque spouse were celebrated. The marriage rate is 8.8‰, slightly below the average observed over the last ten years. The mean age of singles at marriage remains high at 32.4 years for men and 30.9 years for women.


The number of divorces in 2021 is not definitively known yet, given the delays inherent in the legal procedures. There were 30 divorces in 2020, giving a gross divorce rate of 3.1‰. This is the lowest rate observed for over 30 years.