Gouvernement Princier de Monaco

Focus Population - Employment

Temporary Employment

11,390 people worked at least one hour under temporary status in 2021 (all assignment durations combined). Both the
number of temporary workers and the volume of hours worked have increased significantly compared to 2020 and are now at a higher level than before the crisis, confirming the rebound in this activity. Construction still accounts for more than half of the assignments carried out by a population that remains predominantly young and male.

 Download the Focus : Temporary Employment

Self-employed workers

Monaco counts more than 5,500 active self-employed workers at the end of 2021, representing nearly 6,000 open activities, an increase of 4.7% compared to 2020 for these two indicators. Men are still in the majority in this population, who are most often active in the service sector.

Download Focus: Self-employed workers.


At the end of 2021, the number of active employees (having worked at least one hour) in the private sector in Monaco amounts to 53,079 people, i.e. more than 2,000 additional employees compared to 2020 (+4.1%), returning to a level comparable to 2019. Men remain in the majority at over 60%, as do French nationals and commuters. With 6,308 entities, the number of private employers also increased over the period, exceeding its 2019 level.

Download the Focus : Employees

Women and corporate governance

Monaco Statistics joins Women's Rights Day by publishing a Focus on women and corporate governance in the Principality. At the end of the year 2021, there are almost 13,000 active people within boards and decision-making bodies of the economic agents in the Trade and Industry Register of Monaco, of which about 3,600 are women (27.9 %).

Download the Focus : Women and corporate governance

Civil service

Monaco's Civil Service workforce exceeds 5,000 people for the first time on 31 December 2021 (+2% compared to 2020). More than three quarters of these employees are in the Governmental Administration

Download the Focus : Civil service

Climate and meteorology

In 2021, the trend of a rise in temperature is confirmed in the Principality. The annual rainfall report shows a particularly dry year with a deficit in the volume of precipitation recorded each month since May compared to normal, despite a fairly high number of rainy days (58 days compared to 63 on average). In terms of sunshine, the latter exceeds 2,500 hours.

Download the Focus : Climate and meteorology

International Cooperation

The Principality of Monaco has been a member of the United Nations (UN) since 1993. As the 183rd member, Monaco has followed the dynamic of the Millennium Goals (2000s) and then the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, in the fight against poverty. Over the 2018-2020 period covered by this Focus, approximately 150 projects per year are financed with a total of 90 partners.

Download the Focus : International Cooperation


This Focus report describes the numbers and characteristics of students educated in Monaco (excluding higher education). There were 6,267 students within the Monegasque education system (excluding the Princess Grace Academy of Dance and AS Monaco Academy) in the 2020–2021 academic year. The number of students was stable this year. State-run schools account for 68.4% of students between nursery and the final year of secondary school.

Download the Focus : Education

Female employees in the private sector

At the end of 2019, more than 21,000 women were working in the private sector, accounting for 40% of the 53,091 private-sector employees. The majority of female employees live in France, are younger than their male counterparts, and work in smaller businesses. 

Download the Focus : Female employees in the private sector

Built-up area

With its total area of 2 km², a third of which is already built-up, the Principality of Monaco faces an issue of land shortage.

The data from Monaco’s Atlas des bâtiments as at 1 January 2019 shows how the Principality has used urban planning to tackle this issue.

Download the Focus : Built-up area

Higher education

As at 31 December 2017, the Principality of Monaco has almost 1,000 students on its territory. This figure remained constant compared to the same period in 2016 (-0.5%).

Download the Focus : Higher education


In 2017, the average age of Monegasque nationals is 44.1 and the median age is 46.5. Almost 95% live in Monaco. The birth rate remains high with 120 births and a fertility rate of 2.5 children per woman.

Update: as at 30 June 2018, the number of Monegasque nationals was 9,305.

Download the Focus : Demography


This edition of Focus looks at jobs registered with the Monaco Social Security Funds.

In December 2016, there are 51,200 jobs in the private sector in the Principality, which equals a increase of 667 jobs (+1.3 %) compared to the previous year.

Download the Focus : Employment