Gouvernement Princier de Monaco

Focus Population - Employment

Civil service

Monaco’s civil service workforce has grown consistently since 2013 and stood at 4,911 people on 31 December 2020, an increase of 2.8% over the previous year and 16.0% larger than in 2013.

The proportion of women is increasing, although men represent 57% of public-sector employees (they account for 60% in the private sector). French nationals and commuters, whose numbers increase each year, still make up the majority of staff. The mean age of 43.6 years has remained stable for several years.

Download the Focus : Civil service

Climate and meteorology

2020 brings to a close a decade of measurements that confirm temperatures are rising. Annual rainfall was in line with normal levels, but with unusual seasonal distribution and some particularly heavy episodes, as occurred for example on 4 June, when the equivalent of three times the monthly precipitation fell.

Download the Focus : Climate and meteorology

Female employees in the private sector

At the end of 2019, more than 21,000 women were working in the private sector, accounting for 40% of the 53,091 private-sector employees. The majority of female employees live in France, are younger than their male counterparts, and work in smaller businesses. 

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Temporary Employment

The number of temporary workers in the Principality was estimated at more than 11,400 in 2019 (people who worked in a temporary position for at least one hour, including all assignment lengths). The temporary worker population is primarily made up of those who commute to Monaco. It is predominantly French, young and male.

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There were 53,091 employees working in Monaco’s private sector at the end of 2019, up 2.9% compared with 2018 (an additional 1,490 people). Sixty percent of employees were male and most were commuters.
The majority of workers were of French nationality and the average age at the end of 2019 was 42. Almost all employees worked in the service sector. At the end of 2019, there were 6,182 employers, an increase over 2018.

Download the Focus : Employees

Self-employed workers

The Focus of Self-employed workers 2018 is available online for the first time

At the end of December 2018, there were 4,882 active self-employed workers in Monaco, representing 5,274 operational businesses. Self-employed workers in Monaco are overwhelmingly male and almost all operational businesses fall within the tertiary sector.

Download Focus: Self-employed workers.


Monaco’s schools comprised 6 254 pupils from kindergarten to the final year of high school on 31 December 2018, of which 69.8 % were in state-funded schools.

The total number of pupils decreased –0.9 % with respect to the end of the year 2017.

Download the Focus : Education

Built-up area

With its total area of 2 km², a third of which is already built-up, the Principality of Monaco faces an issue of land shortage.

The data from Monaco’s Atlas des bâtiments as at 1 January 2019 shows how the Principality has used urban planning to tackle this issue.

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Higher education

As at 31 December 2017, the Principality of Monaco has almost 1,000 students on its territory. This figure remained constant compared to the same period in 2016 (-0.5%).

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In 2017, the average age of Monegasque nationals is 44.1 and the median age is 46.5. Almost 95% live in Monaco. The birth rate remains high with 120 births and a fertility rate of 2.5 children per woman.

Update: as at 30 June 2018, the number of Monegasque nationals was 9,305.

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This edition of Focus looks at jobs registered with the Monaco Social Security Funds.

In December 2016, there are 51,200 jobs in the private sector in the Principality, which equals a increase of 667 jobs (+1.3 %) compared to the previous year.

Download the Focus : Employment