Gouvernement Princier de Monaco

Focus Population - Employment

Self-employed workers

The Focus of Self-employed workers 2018 is available online for the first time

At the end of December 2018, there were 4,882 active self-employed workers in Monaco, representing 5,274 operational businesses. Self-employed workers in Monaco are overwhelmingly male and almost all operational businesses fall within the tertiary sector.

download Focus: Self-employed workers.


Monaco’s schools comprised 6 254 pupils from kindergarten to the final year of high school on 31 December 2018, of which 69.8 % were in state-funded schools.

The total number of pupils decreased –0.9 % with respect to the end of the year 2017.

Download the Focus : Education

Civil service

On 31 December 2018, 4 702 people were employed as public servants in Monaco, all administrative branches combined. This represents a 2% increase with respect to the previous year. 

Download the Focus : Civil service


As of December 2018, there are 51 601 employees in the private sector in Monaco, that is 1 907 employees more than the previous year (+3.8 %). 60 % of private sector employees are men and 63.2 % are of French nationality.   

To learn more about this, download the Focus : Employees

Built-up area

With its total area of 2 km², a third of which is already built-up, the Principality of Monaco faces an issue of land shortage.

The data from Monaco’s Atlas des bâtiments as at 1 January 2019 shows how the Principality has used urban planning to tackle this issue.

Download the Focus : Built-up area

Climate and meteorology

The year 2018 was hot and rainy. The average relative humidity measured in the Principality is 63 %. Hygrometric comfort, characterized by a humidity level between 40 and 80 %, is observed for nearly 79 % of the year.

This seventh edition of the Focus : Climate and meteorology presents the analysis of the temperature and pluviometry data for the year 2018, in addition to those of sunshine, wind and hygrometry data recorded by the meteorological station of the Department of the Environment located on the roof of the Monaco Oceanographic Museum.

Download the Focus : Climate and meteorology

Higher education

As at 31 December 2017, the Principality of Monaco has almost 1,000 students on its territory. This figure remained constant compared to the same period in 2016 (-0.5%).

Download the Focus : Higher education


In 2017, the average age of Monegasque nationals is 44.1 and the median age is 46.5. Almost 95% live in Monaco. The birth rate remains high with 120 births and a fertility rate of 2.5 children per woman.

Update: as at 30 June 2018, the number of Monegasque nationals was 9,305.

Download the Focus : Demography


This edition of Focus looks at jobs registered with the Monaco Social Security Funds.

In December 2016, there are 51,200 jobs in the private sector in the Principality, which equals a increase of 667 jobs (+1.3 %) compared to the previous year.

Download the Focus : Employment