Gouvernement Princier de Monaco

Population census

The last census of Monaco’s population took place from 7 June to 29 July 2016. It involves everyone who lives in the Principality. The statistical tables are available for download on this page.

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The census allows the population to be counted and provides an understanding of the country’s population. Monaco’s first census was carried out in 1757.

Censuses have been conducted regularly since the end of the nineteenth century in order to track demographic trends and changes in the Principality’s population.

The last census was undertaken in 2016. It was organised by Monaco City Hall with technical assistance from the Monegasque Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (IMSEE).

The data collection phase for the last census of the population took place in Monaco from 7 June to 29 July 2016.

About the census

The census of the population, carried out on average once every 10 years, allows the population to be counted and provides an understanding of Monaco’s resident population and housing stock. It covers everyone living within the Principality’s territory.

Beyond simply counting the number of people and dwellings, the information collected helps with the subsequent implementation of public policies and is a useful decision-making tool for the Government.

The census survey is:

  • mandatory: it is enshrined in Act No. 419 of 7 June 1945 on statistical measures, Article 2 of which sets out the consequences of failing to respond;
  • anonymous: to ensure that personal data is protected, the forms collected will be anonymised before processing (the name and address of the respondent are necessary to avoid counting people more than once, but this information is not recorded in the databases);
  • confidential: all those taking part in census activities are bound by statistical and professional secrecy.

The 2016 census campaign, under the supervision of the Mayor of Monaco, was the first to be carried out with technical assistance from IMSEE. Fifty census agents were specially recruited for the campaign, and worked alongside ten or so officials from the government administration and Monaco City Hall.

Data collection procedure

Starting on 7 June 2016, census agents visited each household in the Principality and gave residents questionnaires to complete. Residents were informed of these visits in advance via a letter from the Mayor.

Two types of questionnaire were given to each household:

  • The household form: this is a four-page document where all permanent residents at the address are listed. It asks questions about the features and fixtures of the dwelling. Only one of these forms will be issued to each household.
  • The individual form: this questionnaire concerns all individuals who normally reside at the censed household. The questions on the individual form relate to the residents themselves (gender, date and place of birth, etc.), and their education and training, employment and travel habits. One individual form will be issued for each permanent resident living in the household.

The completed questionnaires were then collected by the census agent during a subsequent visit, on a date agreed with the resident.


The collected forms have been anonymised and digitised at IMSEE’s offices.

At the end of the collection period, the IMSEE team used the database to establish the legal population of the Principality. This figure then serves as the basis for annual estimates of the resident population.

The first results of the 2016 population census are available on this page.

The statistical tables are available for download on this page.

All of the statistics obtained from the census will subsequently be included in a report to be published on IMSEE’s website.

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07 November 2017 Article

Statistical tables

All the statistical tables from the 2016 population census are available for download on this page.

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